Read on for our test results – using our State of Trend Following systems – on how global diversification can boost trading performance, compared to a more standard diversification approach.
The rise of correlation in developed markets has reduced the advantage offered from “classic diversification”. To regain the benefits of the proverbial “free lunch”, traders now have to seek exotic markets and access global diversification.
In this article, we explore the advantages of global diversification over a more standard approach consisting of a portfolio composed of mainstream markets from different sectors.
Intuitively, it makes sense that adding more exotic markets provides more opportunities to catch big trends, with less inter-market correlations. But we wanted to test and quantify the potential performance improvements of trading more exotic markets.
Using the same systems as in the Wisdom State of Trend Following report, we compare the performance over two different diversified portfolios:
For the purpose of this test, we defined an exotic market using three criteria:
In order to avoid any portfolio selection bias we did not limit the test to two portfolios only. Instead, we selected a list of “standard” and “exotic” markets and developed a tool allowing us to draw at random from these lists, and form multiple portfolios.
Standard portfolios can only draw from the list of standard markets, whereas exotic portfolios can draw from both lists. Each portfolio contains the same number of overall instruments with the same number of instruments per sector.
The details of markets and portfolio composition can be found further below, after the test results.
We ran the Wisdom State of Trend Following systems over 500 different portfolios and collated the performance stats for each test run.
Below is a chart showing all of the 500 simulations based on their respective CAGR and Max Drawdown. Each dot represents a specific run. The green cluster shows portfolio including exotic markets, while the red one only includes “standard” markets.
Better runs are located on the top-left (and conversely worst ones in the bottom-right corner). Increased CAGR and reduced Max Drawdown make it quite apparent that exotic markets bring in a boost in performance.
Further below are summary stats for both groups of tests:
Performance is increased by a significant margin across all 4 metrics.
The systems (and system allocation) used in the test are identical to those used for the Wisdom State of Trend Following.
A large list of markets were then selected and classified as exotic or standard, as well as by sector. These markets were then fed to the random portfolio generator, constrained with specific numbers of instruments per sector – to make the portfolios relevant for comparison, in the context of diversification:
The “starred” number is the number of exotic markets. For example, the metals sector always contains 3 different markets and in the case of exotic portfolios, 2 of these markets are exotic, with the remaining 1 being standard.
Below is the list of all markets selected for the test:
|US Dollar Index||ICE||N|
|Euro / Japanese Yen||CME||Y|
|Korean Won||KRX (Kofex)||Y|
|New Zealand Dollar||CME||Y|
|Light Sweet Crude Oil (WTI) E-mini||NYMEX||N|
|Natural Gas (Henry Hub) E-mini||NYMEX||N|
|Brent Crude Oil||ICE EUR (IPE)||Y|
|Gas Oil||ICE EUR (IPE)||Y|
|Euribor 3-month||EURONEXT (LIFFE)||N|
|Fed Funds||CME (CBOT)||N|
|90-Day NZ Bank Bills||ASX (SFE-NZFE)||Y|
|Australian Bank Bills (90 day)||ASX (SFE)||Y|
|Mini Russell 1000 index||ICE US (NYFE)||N|
|FTSE Xinhua China A50 index||SGX||Y|
|Hang Seng index mini||HKEx||Y|
|MSCI Singapore Stock index||SGX||Y|
|Rice Rough||CME (CBOT)||N|
|Corn||NYSE Liffe (MATIF)||Y|
|Crude Palm Oil||BMD (MDEX)||Y|
|Milling Wheat||EURONEXT (MATIF)||Y|
|Rapeseed||NYSE Liffe (MATIF)||Y|
|Euro German Bund||EUREX||N|
|Japanese 10-Year Govt Bond||SGX||N|
|U.S. T-Bonds-30 Yr.||CME (CBOT)||N|
|US T-Notes 5-Year||CME (CBOT)||N|
|Australian Govt Bond||ASX (SFE)||Y|
|Canadian 10-Year Govt Bond||MX||Y|
|Swiss 10-Year Govt Bond||EUREX||Y|
|Cocoa||ICE US (NYBOT-CSCE)||N|
|Coffee||ICE US (NYBOT-CSCE)||N|
|Cotton (#2)||ICE US (NYBOT-NYCE)||N|
|Robusta Coffee||NYSE Liffe (LIFFE)||Y|
|Sugar (#11)||ICE US (NYBOT-CSCE)||N|
|Cocoa||NYSE Liffe (LIFFE)||Y|
|Milk (Class III)||CME||Y|
At Wisdom Trading, we strive to take your trading further. One way we do this is by expanding the frontiers of your trading universe. We offer one of the widest product offerings in the industry with access to over 300 markets on 30+ global exchanges.
Take your trading truly global: